The Blue-crowned Motmot, known scientifically as Momotus momota, is a strikingly beautiful bird native to Central and South America. This species is renowned for its vibrant plumage, characterized by a green body, a blue crown, and a black mask-like eye stripe. Its most distinctive feature is the long tail with racket-shaped tips, which swings back and forth like a pendulum when perched. This bird is relatively large for a motmot, with a robust body and a slightly curved bill.


Blue-crowned Motmots inhabit various forested environments, from dense rainforests to open woodlands. They are known for their unique nesting behavior, as they burrow tunnels in earth banks or cliffs for nesting. While they are not overly vocal, their calls are distinctive, consisting of a low, double-noted “whoop-whoop” sound. These birds are relatively solitary or found in pairs and are often seen perched motionless on a branch, watching for insects and small prey.


Despite their vivid coloring, Blue-crowned Motmots blend well into their forested habitats. They are known for their ‘sit-and-wait’ hunting strategy, observing from a perch and then swooping down to catch prey. These birds play a vital role in their ecosystems as predators of insects and small vertebrates and seed dispersers, thanks to their fruit-eating habits.



Physical Description:

The Blue-crowned Motmot is a medium to large bird, instantly recognizable by its vivid and unique plumage. The bird’s body is predominantly green, with a bright blue crown and nape and a distinctive black mask-like stripe through the eyes. One of the most eye-catching features is its long, graduated tail, which ends in two racket-like tips. The tail is often swung pendulum-like, a behavior characteristic of motmots.

Males and females are similar in appearance, although the males are slightly larger and have more vibrant colors. Their beak is stout and slightly curved, adapted for catching insects and eating fruits. The bird’s overall appearance blends robustness and grace, with its long tail adding elegance. The young birds have duller colors and lack the adults’ fully developed racket-shaped tail tips.

Lifespan: Wild: ~10 Years || Captivity: ~15 Years

Weight: Male & Female: 2.3-6.3 oz (65-180 g)

Length: Male & Female: 15-18 inches (38-46 cm)

Native Habitat:

Blue-crowned Motmots are found in various forested habitats, from lowland rainforests to higher-altitude cloud forests. They prefer areas with dense foliage and access to open spaces for foraging. These birds are well-adapted to living in pristine forests and forest fragments near human settlements. They often inhabit areas near streams, rivers, and clearings, where they can find food and nesting sites.

Their nesting habits are unique, as they excavate burrows in earth banks or cliffs, which are used for roosting and raising their young. These caves provide safety from predators and a stable environment for their eggs and chicks. The adaptability of the Blue-crowned Motmot to different forested environments highlights their resilience and ecological importance.

Climate Zones:
Biogeographical Realms:

Diet & Feeding Habits:

Blue-crowned Motmots are omnivorous, with a diet consisting mainly of insects, small reptiles, and fruits. They use a ‘sit-and-wait’ tactic for hunting, observing from a perch before swooping down to catch prey. This method is particularly effective in dense forest environments where stealth is key. Their diet includes a variety of insects like beetles, grasshoppers, and caterpillars, as well as small vertebrates like frogs and lizards.

Fruit consumption is also significant, making them important seed dispersers in their ecosystems. They typically pick the fruit from a branch and then return to their perch to eat it. The motmot’s role in seed dispersal contributes to the regeneration and health of their forest habitats. They are adaptable feeders, able to adjust their diet based on the availability of food sources.

Mating Behavior:

Mating Description:

Blue-crowned Motmots are generally monogamous, with pairs forming strong bonds during the breeding season. Courtship involves food sharing and mutual grooming, strengthening the pair’s connection. The male performs display flights and calls to attract the female and to ward off rivals. Nest building is a joint effort, with both partners involved in excavating the burrow where they lay their eggs.

The female lays 3-5 white eggs in the burrow, which both parents incubate. After hatching, both parents feed the chicks a diet of insects and fruit. The young motmots fledge after about four weeks but may stay with their parents for some time. The breeding success of Blue-crowned Motmots is closely tied to their ability to find suitable nesting sites and the availability of food.

Reproduction Season:

Birth Type:

Pregnancy Duration:

~20 Days (Incubation)

Female Name:


Male Name:


Baby Name:


Social Structure Description:

Blue-crowned Motmots are relatively solitary or found in pairs, especially during the breeding season. They are not highly social birds but may gather in small groups at abundant food sources. Their interactions are generally peaceful, with little aggression shown towards conspecifics.

Their solitary nature is well-suited to their ‘sit-and-wait’ hunting strategy, allowing them to efficiently forage in their forest habitats. During the breeding season, pairs establish and defend territories, which they use for nesting and feeding. The social structure of the Blue-crowned Motmot reflects their adaptation to a life of quiet observation and sudden, swift action when hunting.


Conservation Status:
Population Trend:


Wild: <50,000 || Captivity: Unknown


The Blue-crowned Motmot population is generally stable across its wide range. This stability can be attributed to their adaptability to various forested environments and their ability to live near human-altered landscapes. While there are some concerns about habitat loss and fragmentation in parts of their range, the species has shown resilience in the face of these challenges.

Their continued presence in various habitats underscores their ecological importance and adaptability. Conservation efforts focused on preserving and restoring forest habitats are crucial for maintaining healthy populations of Blue-crowned Motmots and the myriad of species that share their ecosystems.

Population Threats:

Habitat loss and fragmentation are the primary threats to the Blue-crowned Motmot, particularly in areas where forests are cleared for agriculture or urban development. Pesticide use can also impact their food sources, affecting their health and breeding success. In some regions, they are captured for the pet trade, although this is not a significant threat to the overall population.

Climate change could alter their habitats, affecting food availability and nesting sites. However, their adaptability and broad distribution provide some resilience against these threats. Monitoring and habitat conservation are key to ensuring the species’ long-term survival.

Conservation Efforts:

Conservation efforts for Blue-crowned Motmots include habitat protection and restoration, particularly in areas of high biodiversity. Establishing and maintaining protected areas within their range helps to preserve crucial habitats. Environmental education and awareness campaigns can also play a role in promoting the importance of these birds and the ecosystems they inhabit.

In some areas, local conservation initiatives focus on reducing pesticide use and promoting sustainable land use practices, benefiting motmots and other wildlife. Research into their ecology and behavior is important for informing conservation strategies and ensuring effective habitat management.

Additional Resources:

Fun Facts

  • The Blue-crowned Motmot sports a striking plumage with a bright blue crown and green body, making it a visually stunning bird.
  • Their most distinctive feature is the long tail with racket-shaped tips, which they swing like a pendulum when perched.
  • They inhabit many environments, from dense rainforests to dry woodlands across Central and South America.
  • Uniquely, these birds nest in burrows that dig into earth banks or cliffs, a rare behavior among bird species.
  • Their call is a low, double-noted “whoop-whoop” sound often heard echoing through their forest habitats.
  • Blue-crowned Motmots are omnivorous, eating various insects, small reptiles, and fruits.
  • They are typically solitary or found in pairs, especially during the breeding season, and are not highly social birds.
  • The pendulum-like movement of their tail is a unique behavior, believed to be a form of communication and possibly a way to deter predators.
  • In the wild, these birds can live up to 15 years, a relatively long lifespan for species in their ecological niche.
  • Despite facing habitat loss in some areas, the Blue-crowned Motmot is currently listed as Least Concern, reflecting their stable population and adaptability.